Medical robotics is the use of robots in medical care, rehabilitation and care.
Demographic change, technological advances, and skills shortages in nursing make the use of robots in health care seem useful and inevitable as a complement to human activities. The fields of activity in which robots can be used are manifold:
On the one hand, robots find application in the OR. Robots guarantee a higher precision and the intervention time can be reduced. In addition, robots, unlike humans, do not tire and are error-free, thus provide greater security. All these factors lead to a reduction in the risk of complications. The most common fields of application are currently the departments of orthopedics and (neuro) surgery.
For others, robots can be used in inpatient care. Robots can do work that causes physical fatigue or damage in humans (eg carrying heavy loads, turning or moving patients, etc.) or simple disposition tasks (eg, eating food, etc.). This leaves more time for the personal patient contact and the quality of care can be increased overall.
In addition, robots are suitable for assisting in rehabilitation, as well as replacing lost body functions (eg opportunities for movement and communication in paraplegia).
Taking into account financing, legal framework conditions and social acceptance, robotics represents an innovative growth market in health care.